Fishing Tips
Fishing – A Beginners Glossary Part 1
The basic concept of fishing is fairly basic and self explanatory. Fishing is the act of catching fish. Or my particular favourite dictionary definition for fishing is, “the diversion of catching fish!” I am not sure whether they mean a diversion for the angler from their regular day to day life or the act of diverting the fish onto the hook or into a net! As with any transaction there are usually two parties involved. In this case we have the fisherman or fisherwoman as the “fish-er” and the fish, would logically, to me at least, be the “fish-ee”. What about some of the terms we hear regarding fishing though? To the uninitiated it can sound like a load of old trout! Ok here is a really easy one to kick off with: 1. Fish type/species followed by the word “fishing”- For example, carp, bass or trout and the word fishing, e.g. carp fishing. This really is as simple as it sounds. Fishing for a particular species of fish which in this case is carp. 2. Fishing Tackle – This is not some illegal challenge in football or soccer but in fact the equipment that is used for fishing. There is a large variety of fishing tackle available and much of it can be specialised, e.g. carp fishing tackle. Yes you guessed it, the fishing tackle used to try and catch carp. 3. Coarse Fishing – This is not fishing on a golf course (notice the subtle spelling difference) or any kind of course for that matter. It is in fact the name given to fishing (usually in the United Kingdom) for freshwater fish that are not considered game fish which are trout, salmon and char. Once again, carp is a common target for coarse fishers. 4. Fly Fishing – Fishing whilst flying would be really difficult and probably very dangerous, so that’s not what this is. Fly fishing is actually fishing with a very special kind of bait, an artificial fly. Yes a fake fly! The fishers use all kinds of fake fly, different sizes, different colours and the aim is to lure the fish with this unique bait. 5. Fishing Bait - Theoretically you could fish without much of the modern fishing tackle as I am sure they did in ages past, with just a sharp spear and an even sharper aim! However, whoever first came up with the idea of luring the fish with some kind of bait was clearly a genius. Fishing is now much easier than it ever was, with all kinds of bait available for all kinds of different fish and different fishing conditions. This concludes part one of our “Beginners Fishing Glossary”. Tune in soon for part 2, when we will have a look at Sea Fishing, Bass Fishing and perhaps even the legend that is J R Hartley.
Fishing Facts
For over 35 years Fishing Facts has been known as the publication that taught us how to fish. Every issue is filled with the latest and proven fishing techniques. Each article is written by one of the top anglers in the United States. Each issue is full of fresh ideas on how to catch more fish.
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Beginner Fishing - Fishing Tips

Beginner Fishing -  Fishing Tips 

Truth be told, there are really only three things (other than fish and water) absolutely needed to go fishing. First item needed is a rod (a complete set can be purchased for as little as $20). Second necessity is bait of some kind and third, a fishing license.


However, for those who want the most out of their initial fishing experience, there are other items that can help make that first time so much better. So, to help prepare, they are listed below.


Rod and Reel


As mentioned before, a basic rod and reel set can be purchased for less than $20. A starter combo includes the rod and reel pre-spooled with line. These are strong enough to catch catfish, striper, and other game fish.


Bait: Worms, Leeches and Others


While a Norman Rockwell picture of bait gathering would give warm fuzzies, in reality, trying to gather big enough worms for fishing is time consuming and not really worth it when worms can be picked up from a bait dealer for just a few dollars per dozen.


Crayfish, minnows and leeches are other common forms of bait for fresh water fishing. The biggest drawback from all four of these types of bait is that they are still alive when put on the hook and should be “hooked” in such a way as to keep them alive and struggling for as long as possible in order to attract fish.


If the novice fisher thinks that this might cause squeamishness, it’s a good time to consider using some kind of lure instead of fresh bait. Lures cost a bit more money initially, but can be used over and over.


Lures Instead of Bait


There are four main categories of lures for freshwater fishing: plugs, spinners and spoons, jigs and finally soft plastics. For the beginner fisherman, the soft plastics will do well. They are made to imitate fish and other aquatic types of bait. The lures are drawn through the water in an attempt to emulate the natural movement of the creature the soft plastic imitates, such as a prawn, baitfish or crawdad.


The Fishing License


Be sure to pick up a fishing license for the state in which you intend to fish. These can be obtained at most sporting goods stores, gun shops, department stores, discount stores, bait and tackle shops, grocery stores, and many other types of stores, as well as online. A license can cost around $30 per year and $10 for a single day. The small fee is much better than being fined $100 or so for fishing without a license.


Tackle Box


All it takes is dropping a weight, hook or bobber in the water once or twice to learn that some type of carrying case is a necessity. Since hooks can rust, keeping them dry is important, another reason for a tackle box of some kind. It’s also the best place to keep the fishing license since it’ll go where the fishing is happening if it’s kept in the box.


Different fish like different kinds of bait and purchasing worms gets expensive after a while, so it’s safe to assume that a few varieties of lures will be purchased pretty early on. Keeping them separated will make the fishing experienced much more pleasant.


Know a Few Knots


As with everything, there’s a right way to do knots and a wrong way. The wrong way could result in lost hooks, or even worse, fish. The clinch knot is the common fishing knot and the best way to tie swivels and hooks to line.

Protection From the Sun



Two factors make it doubly important to wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen while fishing. The first is the water, which reflects sunlight in all directions and can magnify the sun’s affects, and sunburn. The second is the amount of time that tends to slip away while sitting in a boat on a beautiful lake. It can be very easy to let hours go by, and even on cloudy days, harmful rays are getting through can causing sun damage and causing eye strain.




A bobber can mean the difference between spending the day in the boat and catching fish for the novice. Since it’s important to get the fish to “take the hook,” it’s essential to know when they’re nibbling. Having a bobber, and keeping an eye on it, is the best way to learn how to feel the nibble and when to give a small tug on the lin. The best place for the bobber is located around two feet from the hook.




When using worms or some other lightweight bait, added weight is needed on the line or it will just float on the top of the water. Sinkers come in a variety of weights and materials. A metal sinker is easiest to put on the line since all that’s needed is a gentle squeeze. Trial and error will help find what weights work best and how many are needed.

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Fly Fishing for Beginners
Beginner Fly Fishing Gear Checklist

 Beginner Fishing


Consider making a checklist of the fly fishing accessories that you will need for your fly fishing trips. Have you ever gone fly fishing and sometime during the day discovered that a needed item was left at home? If you are a fly-fishing beginner or a seasoned veteran who is short on time, it's a good idea to have a checklist of needed items. If you are going to an exotic fly-fishing destination you need to make a list. The following is a grouping of items you may need on your checklist to support your next fly fishing adventure.

#1. Basic Items: First is the fly rod and reel; that's easy, but you may want to take a backup rod and reel in case of damage or failure. Consider a couple extra fly reel spools with a floating; sinking or wet tip fly lines. If you are making a trip to an exotic destination, you may need extra bulk spools of backing and leader material, or extra leaders in a wide range of lengths, and tippet strengths an a leader wallet might be handy.

#2. Optional Items: Fly-fishing vest and flies especially for the waters you are fishing, dry flies, fly floatant, and dry fly leaders. Your vest should have a fly patch to dry out water-logged flies. Nymphs and wet flies may need to be fished with strike indicators and shot for weight. Consider small pliers, leader nippers, hook hone, catch-releases tool, and small scissors. A med-sized Swiss army knife, flyline conditioner, stream thermometer, landing net, Campsuds, small hand towel, extra empty fly box plus an assortment of terrestrials and streamers flies.

#3 Needed Items: Waders, wading boots, or flats boots, wading staff, wader belt, studded sandals, Aquaseal adhesive, extra boot strings, float tube fins, inflatable PFD and accessories, extra boot socks, 2 pairs of polarized sunglasses, UVA & UVB waterproof sun block lotion SPF45, SPF 30 sun gloves, brimmed fishing hat, mosquito spray, dry bag, rain gear and a good rain hat, cold-weather clothing, underwear and gloves.

Thank you for taking the time to read what I have to say. Good fishing, and please respect our environment and practice catch and release.

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